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中國自殺率下降趨勢的社會學分析
《中國社會科學》2011年第5期
2011-10-26

中文摘要:
  中國自殺率在1987—2008年間呈顯著下降趨勢。運用國家有關數據描述其間全國總自殺率及自殺率在性別、城鄉人口中的分布,驗證了全國自殺率逐年下降的顯著性,并將自殺率與經濟發展、流動人口等因素進行了相關分析與時間序列分析。中國的自殺率和經濟水平的提高及流動人口的增長呈顯著負相關關系,以此作為理論假設,用扭力情境的變化解釋中國自殺率和經濟發展關系,顯示中國自殺率下降的主要原因在于很多原有沖突情境的弱化。
英文摘要:
  The period from 1987 to 2008 saw a substantial decrease in the suicide rate in China. This paper employs relevant national data to describe China’s total suicide rate and its gender and urbanrural distribution and proves that the yearly decrease is significant. It also conducts a relevance and time series analysis of the suicide rate and economic development and the migrant population. A significant negative correlation can be found between the suicide rate and economic development and the increase in the migrant population. With this as a theoretical hypothesis, this paper uses the change in the context of strain to explain the relationship between the suicide rate and economic development in China. It shows that the decrease in the suicide rate is largely attributable to the weakened conflict context. 

 

 

 

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